Books by Albert Einstein
Books about Albert Einstein

Biography: Albert Einstein

 "Don't Let The House Become a Museum."

A biographical essay on

Dr. Albert Einstein Jonathan Romley

Jewish physicist Albert Einstein, has been called the most brilliant person since Newton. Among his many theories and discoveries, the one that made him famous was; the "Theory of Relativity", which contained the famous equation; "E=mc2". He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in the Autumn of 1922, and immigrated from Berlin to the USA in 1935.

Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm Germany. He lived there with his parents, Herman and Pauline. After a year in Ulm, due to the failure of his father's electrical and engineering workshop; the Einsteins moved to Munich (the capitol of Bavaria), where after a year in residence there, Einstein's mother had Maya, Einstein's sister. Despite the fact the he was Jewish, from age five until age ten, Einstein attended a Catholic School near his home. But, at age 10, Einstein was transferred to the "Luitpold Gymnasium", where Latin, Greek, History, and Geography were pounded into childrens' heads. The family moved from Munich in 1894 They took Maja but left Albert in a boardinghouse under the care of a distant relative. His parents wanted him to finish school, get his diploma so he could go to a University, and then become an electrical engineer. But Einstein had other Ideas, 6 months later he followed his family across the Alps.

Einstein's father wanted him to attend a university but he could not because he did not have a diploma from the Gymnasium. But there was a solution to this problem over the Alps, in Zurich. There was The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology which did not require a diploma to attend. The one thing it did require was the applicant to pass an entrance exam. But then yet another problem arose- most scholars were 18 when they entered the institute, and Einstein was only 16. Einstein took the risk, and in the autumn he was dispatched over the Alps. Einstein took the exam, but did not pass. The principal of the school was impressed with his abilities, so he was admitted to the cantontal school at Aarau, with the hope that a year's study there, would enable him to pass the exam. Einstein enjoyed this school, and it is said that it was here that Einstein began to "open up". Towards the end of his stay at Aarau, Einstein had an explosion which was caused by the "antagonism of all things German" that had been building up inside him since he was a child; he refused to be German and announced that he was going to cut off "all formal connection with the Jewish faith". Once the deletion of his German citizenship was finalized, Einstein decided to study for a teacher's degree.

He retook the entrance exam at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in the summer of 1896. After passing the test he went back to Italy to visit his parents, and set out in October to begin school at the Institute in Switzerland. He successfully began school that year and received his diploma in 1900, and one year after that, Einstein finished his first scientific paper, and he was granted Swiss citizenship.

In Berne, on January 6, 1903; Einstein married Mileva Maric. The two witnesses at the small, quiet wedding, were Maurice Solovine and Conrad Habicht. After the wedding, there was a meal to celebrate at a local restaurant. But no honeymoon. After the meal, the newlyweds returned to their new home. It was a small flat, about 100 yards away from Berne's famous clock tower. Upon returning home, a small incident occurred, that was to occur many times throughout Einstein's life; he had forgotten his key. A year later, in 1904, they had a child, Hans Albert. In that same year, he received a job at the Swiss Patent Office.

In 1905, three of Einstein's 4 famous papers; Uber einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt, Uber de von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Warme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flussigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen and Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Korper. Or in English "about a 'heuristical' perspective about the creation and modulation of light, about the movement of in still liquids mixed objects supported by the molecularkinetical theory of heat and about the electrodynamics of moving objects"

In the autumn of 1922 Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics, for his work on the photoelectric effect. He did not receive the prize for his "theory of relativity" because it was thought that at the time it did not meet the criteria of something that a Nobel Prize is awarded for. So when the prize was awarded to him, they said it was awarded to him for his work on the photoelectric effect, if his theory of relativity is proven false, and if his theory of relativity was proven correct, the prize was for that.

In 1933, Einstein went to Belgium, on an invitation from Locker-Lampson to visit him again before he was to leave for Princeton for his winter trip. But in August, The Brown Book of Hitler Terror, a book published by the "World Committee for the Victims of German Fascism". Had given Einstein's name as head of the committee. Finding that he had been listed as one of the book's authors, Einstein, then issued a statement saying that it "is not true. I did not write a word of it..." This was true. But despite this statement, in September, a German newspaper, had a headline underlined in red that stated "Fehme" (German Nationalist Organization) was offering £1,000 for the man who would kill Einstein. After this, Einstein, surrounded by female bodyguards, rushed back to Locker-Lampson's. Einstein stated that he wanted to become a "Naturalized Englishman" as soon as possible. He also mentioned that he would stay in England for a month, and then he would travel to America to finish his "lecture tour". But Einstein never returned to Europe... He stayed in the United States, and became a citizen on October 1, 1940.

On April 11, 1955, Einstein signed the Russel-Einstein Declaration. Which was a statement signed by 6 other highly reputable scientists besides Einstein and Russel. It was a statement that emphasized "the general proposition that war and science can no longer co-exist." The day after signing the Declaration, Einstein was in pain, but he refused to let the doctor come examine him. But despite this, Einstein's nurse, Miss Dukas called Einstein's step daughter, Margot. She was ill and in the hospital at the time. Miss Dukas told Margot that Einstein was in pain and that his personal d



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